Tools & Services:
As he mentioned towards the end of his passage, one of the differences he states is, “1. Signs are what a doctor sees, symptoms are what a patient experiences.” if i might add that when he means what a doctor “sees” also means what is smelt, felt, tasted(in rare cases of diagnosis), hear, and sees or the 5 senses. This is the difference that he is talking about when differentiating between a sign and a symptom. A simpler way to word this is that it is all observed by perspective. A fever can be felt and seen by a doctor making it a sign but it can also be a symptom do to the fact that the patient also experiences the fever. So you are right, but technically it is not a special case because there are also other symptoms/signs that fall under this category.
The esophagus is a muscular tube connecting the throat (pharynx) with the stomach. The esophagus is about 8 inches long, and is lined by moist pink tissue called mucosa. The esophagus runs behind the windpipe (trachea) and heart, and in front of the spine. Just before entering the stomach, the esophagus passes through the diaphragm.
The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) is a bundle of muscles at the top of the esophagus. The muscles of the UES are under conscious control, used when breathing, eating, belching, and vomiting. They keep food and secretions from going down the windpipe.